Getting Started with Markerless Tracking in Unity AR Foundation

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Getting Started with Markerless Tracking in Unity AR Foundation

Augmented Reality (AR) has become an integral part of modern technology, allowing us to blend the digital and physical worlds seamlessly. One of the key components of AR experiences is tracking - the ability to understand and interact with the real world. Markerless tracking, as the name suggests, doesn't rely on physical markers or tags. Instead, it uses the device's sensors to track and map the environment. In this beginner's guide, we will explore markerless tracking using Unity AR Foundation, a powerful tool that simplifies AR development across different platforms.


Before diving into markerless tracking, make sure you have the following:

  1. Unity: Download and install the latest version of Unity from the official website (

  2. AR Foundation Package: Ensure that you have AR Foundation installed. You can add it via Unity’s Package Manager.

  3. Mobile Device: You’ll need a smartphone or tablet with AR capabilities for testing your applications.

Setting Up Your Unity Project

  1. Create a New Unity Project: Launch Unity and create a new 3D project.

  2. Import AR Foundation: Go to Window > Package Manager. Find AR Foundation in the package list, then click Install.

  3. Setup AR Session: Create an empty GameObject in your scene. Add the "AR Session" component to it. This sets up the AR environment.

  4. Add AR Session Origin: Create another empty GameObject and add the "AR Session Origin" component. This helps manage the AR world and camera tracking.

Implementing Markerless Tracking

Now that your project is set up, let’s implement markerless tracking:

  1. Enable AR Plane Detection: On your AR Session Origin GameObject, find the "AR Plane Manager" component. Enable "Plane Detection" to detect horizontal and vertical surfaces in the real world.

  2. AR Raycasting: To interact with the detected surfaces, you can use AR raycasting. For example, when the user taps on the screen, cast a ray from the screen space position into the AR world. If it hits a detected plane, place objects accordingly.

     csharpCopy codeif (Input.touchCount > 0 && Input.GetTouch(0).phase == TouchPhase.Began) { Ray ray = Camera.main.ScreenPointToRay(Input.GetTouch(0).position); if (ARRaycast(ray, outARRaycastHit hit)) { // Instantiate objects or perform actions based on the hit point } }
  3. Visual Feedback: Provide visual feedback for detected surfaces. You can instantiate a prefab representing a plane at the detected position for a better user experience.

  4. Iterative Development: Test your application on a real device. Tweak the settings, such as plane detection sensitivity, to improve tracking accuracy.


Markerless tracking using Unity AR Foundation opens up a world of possibilities for AR applications. With this foundation, you can create interactive and immersive experiences without the need for physical markers. Remember, practice and experimentation are key. The more you delve into AR development, the more creative and engaging experiences you can build. Happy coding!

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